4 Steps to Combining Your Finances After Marriage
STEP #1: Have the Money Talk.
Discussing money may not be as romantic and fun as talking about the honeymoon, but it is important. Couples argue about finances more than any other topic so if you do the heavy lifting upfront, you will have fewer arguments and you can reap the rewards down the road. There are 3 types of money talk that you can do with your spouse: easy, hard and fun.
Easy Money Talk: This is where you write down how much you would pay for a variety of things. My fiancée and I just did this easy money exercise. Each of us filled out a sheet on how much I would pay for things such as coffee, haircut, shoes, lunch, a night out with friends, a concert ticket, and my next car. There’s no wrong or right answer here. This exercise will help you know what your partner’s expectations are on how much to spend or not to spend on things, and vice versa.
For example, I wrote down that a woman’s haircut was $40. She explained it was more like $80. I wrote down $10 for lunch at work, she wrote down $0 because she brings her lunch.
This conversation helps set expectations, so you’re not saying to your partner: “What?! I can’t believe you spent $120 for a pair of running shoes! Or what?! You want to spend $150 to see the Washington Nationals and LA Angels play?”. This will generally lead to fewer arguments because you have already talked about it upfront.
Hard Money Talk: This involves revealing the dollar figures of your entire savings, and your entire debt. You’re going to feel vulnerable. Even I felt vulnerable having the hard money talk with my fiancée. Do I have enough money saved? What if she has more?
You might be thinking, will she think less of me if she knew I have $100,000 in student loan debt? However, remember, that vulnerability helps strengthen relationships. As researcher Brene Brown put it, “Vulnerability is about having the courage to show up and be seen.”
Some questions that you may want to discuss include:
– How much cash do you have in your bank account? How much have you saved for retirement?
– Do you have any student loans? Credit card debt?
Fun Money Talk: This is when you can both talk about your hopes and dreams. Individually brainstorm and list down 3 short-term goals and 3 long-term goals. These may include things such as getting out of debt, retiring early, buying a new home, or traveling more. List all of your ideas down. Setting some goals together, writing them down, and reviewing them regularly can help you have financial success.
Again, there’s no right or wrong answer here. What do you have in common? Where are you different? Afterward, decide together as a couple on your common goals. Talk about how you can each contribute to achieving these goals. This ‘Fun Money Talk’ can increase your sense of teamwork and collaboration.
STEP #2: Create a Joint Budget.
Creating a joint budget is a key step in combining finances after marriage. There are three broad categories for a joint budget. These are save, give and spend. For each example below, we are going to say that your combined monthly income, after taxes, is $15,000.
- SAVE: Think about how much of that $15,000 you’ll save towards your 2-3 common goals.
- If you’re both worried about retirement, you can decide how much each of you will contribute to your 401(k).
- You may also have some short-term goals, such as saving for a trip to Europe next year, or for your electric car purchase 3 years from now. It’s important that you know how much you need to save so that you can achieve these goals.
- For this example, let’s assume you’ll save 30% of your combined monthly income – $4,500/mo
- GIVE: How much are you going to donate to charity or church?
- The average American donates around 3% of their income. You may both want to contribute more if you are in a strong financial position and your only debt is a mortgage. For this example, let’s assume that you are going to donate $1,500 per month.
- SPEND: You’re left with $9,000 to spend.
- This may be spent on rent/mortgage, groceries, household expenses, entertainment, etc. Make sure you take the time to think about all of your monthly expenses to ensure that you have enough money left to cover everything.
STEP #3: Create New Joint Bank Accounts.
While you don’t have to, creating a joint bank account can make it easier to combine finances after marriage. Your salaries will go to your new joint checking, and all household expenses will come out of your new joint checking. You will also want to create a new joint savings account that will house all of your joint short and long-term goals such as saving for a vacation home, or a trip to Paris.
If you don’t create a new joint checking, you can divvy up who’s going to pay for what, which is fine too. However, we think it’s much easier to manage if you use a new joint checking.
Automate everything that you can. By setting automations and forgetting about it, you are going to be less stressed and feel much more confident that your goals are being funded. Some things that you may want to automate are:
- 401(k) contributions every paycheck
- Different buckets in your savings account such as $XXX/mo towards an emergency fund, $XXX/mo towards a vacation, $XXX/mo towards a down payment for a bigger house;
If you budgeted for your child’s college savings, you can consider opening a 529 and automating a monthly contribution.